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HomePhysicsZoom Backgrounds from the Archives, half 2

Zoom Backgrounds from the Archives, half 2


Professor Abraham H. Taub and Professor Ralph E. Meagher study an ILLIAC I tape. ILLIAC I, a supercomputer constructed on the College of Illinois. In 1957, composers Lejaren Hiller and Leonard Issacson used ILLIAC I to create Illiac Suite, for a string quartet, which is broadly accepted as the primary rating to have been generated by an digital laptop.


Two Heads Are Higher Than One

Credit score: Bell Laboratories / Alcatel-Lucent USA Inc., courtesy AIP Emilio Segrè Visible Archives, Physics Right now Assortment

Digital Background Obtain

Caption on photograph reads: “Two heads are higher than one for Bell Phone Laboratories analysis into the methods individuals find the route of sound. Sensible outcomes of the current ‘double dome’ analysis at Murray Hill, NJ, stands out as the enchancment of stereophonic radio and TV packages, that are transmitted nationwide over phone services. Within the experiments, two microphones within the ears of the dummy, ‘Oscar II’ had been substituted for human ears. Oscar’s head reproduced the ‘shadowing’ of sound by a human head. Individuals taking part within the assessments — reminiscent of Mary Lou Hartig, proven — wore the additional head in order that motions of their heads can be reproduced, for even very small actions affect listening to. The pure sounds obtained in every microphone had been altered electronically by acoustics scientist, R. L. Hanson (proper) and had been delivered to the earphones. Listeners had been requested to level to the obvious route of the altered sound. Usually, the ear that’s nearer to a sound hears it earlier and louder than the opposite ear. Right here, nevertheless, synthetic variations in time delays and depth had been launched, and it was discovered that the issue of depth is extra vital than beforehand believed. If sound reaches one ear first however reaches the opposite ear considerably louder, the hearer is totally confused.”

Picture info: Bell Labs F3


MANIAC I

Two women sitting at a computer, seen from the back

Credit score: Digital Photograph Archive, Division of Power (DOE), courtesy of AIP Emilio Segrè Visible Archives

Digital Background Obtain

Los Alamos Nationwide Laboratory designed Mathematical Analyzer, Numerical Integrator, and Pc, generally known as MANIAC I.

Picture info: Los Alamos F4 


Within the Backyard

Geoffrey Burbidge, Fred Hoyle, Margaret Burbidge, and Donald Clayton in the garden

Credit score: AIP Emilio Segrè Visible Archives, Clayton Assortment

Digital Background Obtain

Geoffrey Burbidge, Fred Hoyle, Margaret Burbidge, and Donald Clayton within the backyard at Hoyle’s residence, Cockley Moor, above Lake Ullswater in England.

Picture info: Burbidge Geoffrey D3 


Continental Drift

Equipment on the after deck of the USNS Kane, 1968

Credit score: AIP Emilio Segrè Visible Archives, Present of Invoice Woodward, USNS Kane Assortment

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