The current excellent tense is an English verb tense used for previous actions which are associated to or proceed into the current. It’s simply acknowledged by the auxiliary verbs (or helper verbs) have and has, as in, “I have gone fishing since I used to be a baby.”
Of all of the English verb tenses, the current excellent is likely one of the most complex as a result of there’s not at all times a direct translation in different languages. So on this information, we clarify every thing it’s worthwhile to know to make use of it completely, together with how and when to make use of it, with loads of current excellent tense examples.
What’s current excellent tense?
The current excellent tense is likely one of the frequent verb tenses in English, used to indicate an motion that occurred up to now that’s instantly associated to the current, similar to actions which are nonetheless persevering with or that point out a change over time. We cowl a whole listing of when to make use of the current excellent tense under.
Don’t let the title confuse you—although the phrase current is there, the current excellent tense offers with actions that occurred or began up to now. The truth is, the current excellent tense is commonly used interchangeably with the easy previous tense, though there are some particular conditions in which you’ll be able to solely use one or the opposite, additionally defined under.
How do you employ the current excellent tense?
Within the current excellent tense, the primary verbs at all times use the auxiliary verbs (helper verbs) has or have. The principle verb takes a participle type, particularly the previous participle. The previous participle is commonly the identical type as the easy previous type of the verb, until it’s an irregular verb, which every have their very own distinctive previous participle type. We clarify in additional element how you can type them in our information to participles.
Solely the auxiliary verbs are conjugated to suit the subject-verb settlement within the current excellent tense; the previous participle of the primary verb stays the identical it doesn’t matter what the topic is. Typically, you employ have for all topics besides the singular third-person, which as a substitute makes use of has.
First-person: I have come a great distance.
Second particular person: You have come a great distance.
Third-person plural: They have come a great distance.
Third-person singular: He/she/it has come a great distance.
The current excellent tense has particular constructions for traditional statements, negatives, and questions, defined under. We additionally talk about how you can use the current excellent tense with adverbs and with the passive voice.
The current excellent tense for statements
For basic statements, the commonest use of the current excellent, use have or has plus the previous participle type of the primary verb.
[have/has] + [past participle]
Charlotte has grow to be buddies with Wilbur.
We’ve damaged up earlier than, however this time feels completely different.
The current excellent tense for negatives
To make use of the current excellent tense within the destructive, merely add the destructive phrase (like not or by no means) after the auxiliary verb however earlier than the previous participle.
[have/has] + [negative] + [past participle]
I haven’t slept effectively since exams began.
My Midwestern good friend has by no means seen the ocean.
This building works for neither, nor sentences, too.
It’s 11 within the morning, and she or he has neither eaten breakfast nor gotten dressed.
Please notice that it’s clearest to keep away from contractions when utilizing the current excellent tense with the destructive, not less than in American English.
The current excellent tense for questions
When asking a query within the current excellent tense, the auxiliary verb comes first, adopted by the topic, after which the previous participle of the primary verb. This follows an identical building as questions with the auxiliary verb do, which additionally comes earlier than the topic.
[have/has] + [subject] + [past participle]
Have you eaten dinner but?
Has the get together began?
How one can use the current excellent tense with adverbs
Though you may nonetheless use adverbs after the verb (as you do usually), with the current excellent tense you too can place the adverb between the auxiliary verb and the previous participle.
[have/has] + [adverb] + [past participle]
They have steadily superior their profession from cashier to senior supervisor.
All of the friends have already arrived.
Watch out, although. Sure adverbs—particularly but and simply—have particular guidelines for the place they’re positioned. Furthermore, as a result of these adverbs relate to time, they’re usually used along with the current excellent tense.
The adverb but, used usually with a destructive or in questions, nearly at all times comes on the finish of a sentence or clause.
Sadly, he hasn’t completed the race but.
Have you completed your homework but?
Conversely, the adverb simply is at all times positioned between the auxiliary verb and the previous participle.
I’ve simply woken up.
Their airplane has simply landed.
How one can use the current excellent tense within the passive voice
When discussing writing, we frequently speak in regards to the energetic vs. passive voice. Though we suggest utilizing the energetic voice as a lot as doable, typically the passive voice is unavoidable.
To make use of the current excellent tense within the passive voice, use been (the previous participle of the verb be) earlier than the previous participle of the primary verb.
[have/has] + [been] + [past participle]
She has been given an award.
You have simply been handed a once-in-a-lifetime alternative.
How one can use the current excellent steady tense
You may as well mix the current excellent tense with the current steady tense to indicate an ongoing motion that began up to now and continues to the current. This hybrid tense known as the current excellent steady tense. The development is much like utilizing the current excellent tense within the passive voice, besides that the primary verb makes use of the current participle as a substitute of the previous participle.
[have/has] + [been] + [present participle]
She has been seeing a bodily therapist since her surgical procedure.
It has been raining all day.
Like all steady tenses, the current excellent steady tense can not be used with stative verbs like need, want, love, or hate.
6 examples of when to make use of the current excellent tense
Understanding when to make use of the current excellent tense is a vital a part of English grammar, however it may be complicated even for native English audio system. Beneath, we clarify the six foremost makes use of of the current excellent tense, together with examples.
An ongoing motion that began up to now, however has not but been accomplished
That is the primary utilization of the current excellent tense, which demonstrates the connection between an motion began up to now and its results on the current.
The professor has taught right here for 20 years.
They have performed piano for the reason that age of three.
Word you could additionally use the current excellent steady tense for this example, so long as the motion has not been accomplished but (and it’s not a stative verb). The distinction between the current excellent tense and the current excellent steady tense, on this case, is emphasis:
- The current excellent tense emphasizes the results or penalties of the motion.
- The current excellent steady tense emphasizes the motion itself or the size of time.
So, for instance, if you wish to plainly say the place you reside, use the traditional current excellent tense.
I’ve lived in Lagos my entire life.
If you wish to emphasize how lengthy you’ve been dwelling in a spot, use the current excellent steady tense.
I’ve been dwelling in Lagos my entire life.
What about an motion began up to now that has already been accomplished? For that, you need to use the easy previous.
She labored there for 5 years however was fired final week.
A collection of the identical motion accomplished a number of instances up to now, prone to occur once more sooner or later
When the identical motion has occurred a couple of instances already, you need to use the current excellent tense if the motion will doubtless occur once more sooner or later. If the motion in all probability gained’t occur once more, you need to use the easy previous tense.
I’ve seen the film six instances! [probably will see it again]
I noticed the film six instances! [probably will not see it again]
An motion that was accomplished very lately (usually used with simply or now)
If an motion was solely accomplished very lately, you may describe it with the current excellent tense. Although the motion occurred up to now, it was so latest that it’s instantly related to the current. These circumstances often use adverbs like simply or now to indicate that the motion occurred not way back.
I shouldn’t eat anymore as a result of I’ve simply brushed my enamel.
We’ve completed apply now, so let’s go dwelling.
A change over time
The current excellent tense is commonly used to emphasise a change that occurred over an prolonged time frame.
My cousin has grown a lot since I noticed her two years in the past.
Due to the numerous months of enjoying, I have grow to be an skilled at Wordle.
An uncompleted motion that’s anticipated to be completed (within the destructive)
If an motion began up to now however was not accomplished, you may describe it with the current excellent tense if it’s prone to be accomplished sooner or later. This example makes use of the destructive type to indicate that the motion remains to be unfinished and infrequently makes use of the adverb but.
The jury has not reached a verdict but.
I haven’t completed my paper, but it surely’s due in an hour!
So as to add significance to a accomplished motion
Final, you need to use the current excellent tense to make any previous motion sound extra essential. The current excellent tense is commonly used with nice achievements or accomplishments, in addition to dramatic or uncommon occasions. This makes it applicable for newsworthy occasions or main life experiences.
Macbeth has killed the king.
I’ve met the love of my life final evening!
When not to make use of the current excellent tense
Now that you recognize when to make use of the current excellent tense, let’s speak about when to keep away from it.
Loads of instances, the distinction between the current excellent tense and the easy previous tense is a matter of emphasis or whether or not or not the motion is actually completed. Nonetheless, there’s one rule specifically that needs to be talked about: Don’t use the current excellent tense with a particular time.
This could be complicated, nonetheless, since you can use the current excellent tense with a broad time interval. The current excellent tense is just incorrect if used with one particular time. Utilizing the current excellent tense with a basic time vary is completely acceptable.
Current excellent tense FAQs
What’s the current excellent tense?
The current excellent tense is an English verb tense used to explain a previous motion that’s associated to the current.
How does the current excellent tense work?
The current excellent tense makes use of the auxiliary verb has or have and the previous participle type of the primary verb. For instance, if you wish to use go within the current excellent tense, you say, “I’ve gone.”
When is the current excellent used?
The current excellent tense is usually used with occasions that began up to now and proceed into the current. Nonetheless, it has a couple of different makes use of too, together with occasions that occurred very lately up to now.