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HomeE-LearningThe Magnificence & Ingenuity of the Pantheon, Historical Rome's Greatest-Preserved Monument: An...

The Magnificence & Ingenuity of the Pantheon, Historical Rome’s Greatest-Preserved Monument: An Introduction

Requested to call our favourite concrete constructing, many people would wrestle to carry again a sneer. Although the copious use of that materials by mid-twentieth-century fashion often called Brutalism has these days gained new generations of lovers, we nonetheless extra generally hear it lamented as a supply of architectural “monstrosities.” However as a constructing materials, concrete goes again a lot additional in historical past than the a long time following World Struggle II. To discover a universally beloved instance, we want merely look again to second-century Rome. There we discover the Pantheon, trying a lot the identical because it does in twenty-first century Rome in the present day.

The most effective-preserved monument of historic Rome, the Pantheon (to not be confused with the Greek Parthenon) has remained in steady use, first as “a temple to the gods, then sanctified and made right into a church. Now, after all, it’s a serious vacationer attraction.” So says scholar Steven Zucker within the Khan Academy video above, a short photographic tour he leads alongside his colleague Beth Harris.

“As quickly as you stroll in, you discover that there’s a form of obsession with circles, with rectangles, with squares, with these sorts of good geometrical shapes,” says Harris. “Due to the Roman use of concrete, the concept [obtained] that structure could possibly be one thing that formed area and that might have a unique form of relationship to the viewer.”

You may go deeper into the Pantheon (constructed circa 125 AD) via the tour video by Youtuber Garrett Ryan, creator of the ancient-history channel Instructed in Stone. Calling the Pantheon “arguably essentially the most influential constructing of all time,” he goes on to help that daring declare by analyzing a number of structural and aesthetic parts (not least its sublimely spherical rotunda) that might encourage architects within the Renaissance, a time devoted to creating use of historic Greek and Roman data, and in some sense ever after. This will likely come as a shock to viewers with solely an off-the-cuff curiosity in structure — greater than it might to the Emperor Hadrian, commissioner of the Pantheon, who appears to not have been given to nice doubts concerning the sturdiness of his legacy.

Associated content material:

A Digital Tour of Historical Rome, Circa 320 CE: Discover Gorgeous Recreations of The Discussion board, Colosseum and Different Monuments

An Animated Reconstruction of Historical Rome: Take A 30-Minute Stroll By the Metropolis’s Just about-Recreated Streets

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Rome Reborn: Take a Digital Tour of Historical Rome, Circa 320 C.E.

Roman Structure: A Free On-line Course from Yale College

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Based mostly in Seoul, Colin Marshall writes and broadcasts on cities, language, and tradition. His initiatives embrace the Substack publication Books on Cities, the ebook The Stateless Metropolis: a Stroll via Twenty first-Century Los Angeles and the video sequence The Metropolis in Cinema. Comply with him on Twitter at @colinmarshall, on Fb, or on Instagram.



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