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The First 150 Korean Nouns Learners Must Study

korean nouns

Want to begin filling up your Korean vocabulary financial institution?

This listing accommodates 150 must-know nouns from the language that’ll function a fantastic basis for the remainder of your research.

Whereas 150 may sound like rather a lot, you’ll most likely discover patterns between phrases that may make memorization simpler.

Plus, there are many phrases which are simply Korean transliterations of English phrases!



There are over 50 million folks dwelling in Korea right now. A giant inhabitants for a comparatively small nation, and all of the extra purpose you must study the nouns related to people.

Understanding these nouns will get you by in loads of social conditions that require identification.

남자 (nam-ja) — man

여자 (yuh-ja) — lady

소년 (so-nyun) — boy

소녀 (so-nyuh) — lady

친구 (chin-gu) — pal

아기 (ah-gi) — child

어린이 (uh-ri-nii) — youngster

십대 (ship-dae) — teen

어른 (uh-reun) — grownup

아줌마 (ah-joom-ma) / 아주머니 (ah-joo-muh-ni) — middle-aged lady

아저씨 (ah-juh-ssi) — middle-aged man

노인 (no-iin) / 어르신 (uh-reu-shin) — aged individual

대선배 (dae-sun-bae) / 선배  (sun-bae) — senior

후배 (hu-bae) — junior

고객 (go-gaek) — buyer / consumer

낯선 사람 (nat-sun sa-ram) — stranger

관계 (gwan-geh) — relationship


Household is an enormous deal in Korean tradition. The shut bonds between relations are seen as hallmarks of societal success.

There are loads of particular names and titles for Korean relations, and I’ll be the primary to confess that memorizing all of them might be troublesome.

The titles can differ relying on which aspect of the household an individual comes from, and whether or not or not they’re older or youthful than you or another person.

That stated, understanding a minimum of these nouns will certainly get you some brownie factors with the fam!

가족 (ga-jok) — household

아이들 (ah-ii-deul) — youngsters

아들 (ah-deul) — son

(ddal) — daughter

형제 (hyung-jeh) — brothers

자매 (ja-meh) — sisters

부모 (bu-mo) — dad and mom

어머니 (uh-muh-nii) — mom

아버지 (ah-buh-ji) — father

남편 (nam-pyun) — husband

아내 (ah-nae) — spouse

조부모 (jo-bu-mo) — grandparents

사촌 (sa-chon) — cousin

손주 (son-ju) — grandchild


These are useful nouns to know if you happen to’re fascinated with studying about (or becoming a member of) the Korean workforce. Korea is a well-liked hub for worldwide staff, so it’s positively an choice to contemplate if you happen to’re seeking to work overseas.

직업 (jih-geop) — profession

(il) — work

학생 (hak-seng) — pupil

선생님 (sun-saeng-nim) — instructor

의사 (ui-sa) — physician

간호사 (gahn-ho-sa) — nurse

요리사 (yo-rii-sa) — chef

변호사 (byun-ho-sa) — lawyer

과학자 (gwa-hak-ja) — scientist

경찰관 (gyung-chal-gwan) — police officer

운동 선수 (oon-dong sun-soo) — athlete

배우 (bae-woo) — actor

예술가 (yeh-sul-ga) — artist

미용사 (mi-yong-sa) — beautician

기관사 (gi-gwan-sa) — engineer

정비사 (jung-bii-sa) — mechanic

판매원 (pahn-mae-won) — salesperson


Trains, buses, vehicles—oh my!

Vehicles might stay the commonest mode of vehicle-based journey in Korea, however the expansive public transportation system is definitely a factor to behold.

In actual fact, if you happen to ever journey to the nation, I extremely suggest you simply bask within the comfort, velocity and cleanliness of the out there public transport modes.

자동차 (ja-dong-cha) — automobile

버스 (buh-seu) — bus

택시 (taek-shi) — taxi

기차 (gi-cha) — prepare

(bae) — ship / boat

비행기 (bi-haeng-gi) — airplane

자전거 (ja-jeon-guh) — bicycle

오토바이 (oh-toh-ba-ii) — bike

(yuk) — prepare station

버스 정류장 (buh-seu jung-nyu-jang) — bus station

공항 (gong-hahng) — airport

도로 (doh-ro) — highway

거리 (guh-rii) — road

승객 (seung-gek) — passenger

운전수 (oon-jun-soo) — driver

티켓 (tee-ket) — ticket

교통 (gyo-tong) — site visitors


Certain, you possibly can merely name most issues on this listing a “constructing,” however understanding simply that noun received’t get you far in navigating a Korean city or metropolis. Really, you could simply be caught standing in the identical spot.

So be sure you know these nouns for widespread locations to go to!

(jiip) – home / house

도시 (doh-shi) — metropolis

시골 (shi-gol) — countryside

학교 (hak-gyo) — faculty

식당 (shik-dang) — restaurant

사무실 (sa-mu-shil) — workplace

가게 (ga-geh) — retailer

시장 (shi-jang) — market

쇼핑몰 (sho-piing-mol) — shopping center

병원 (byung-won) — hospital

약국 (yak-gook) — pharmacy

경찰서 (gyung-chal-suh) — police station

은행 (eun-haeng) — financial institution

미술관 (mi-sul-gwan) — museum

공원 (gong-won) — park

교회 (gyo-hwae) — church

극장 (geuk-jang) — theater

노래방 (no-rae-bang) — karaoke

호텔 (ho-tel) — resort

카페 (ka-peh) — café

Media and Expertise

Whether or not it’s the most recent Okay-pop music video or the subsequent family cleansing robotic, Korea could be very large on traits in each media and expertise.

And these traits are fast to get picked up. With a super-fast web connection and excessive digital immersion among the many inhabitants, it’s no surprise that communications can attain the plenty so simply.

And that’s an excellent purpose to study among the vocabulary associated to expertise and media.

전자 공학 (jeon-ja gong-hak) — electronics

기술 (gi-sul) — expertise

텔레비전 (tel-leh-bii-jeon) — TV

인터넷 (een-tuh-net) — web

컴퓨터 (kum-pyoo-tuh) — laptop

노트북 (no-teu-book) — laptop computer

전화기 (jun-hwa-gi) — phone

스마트 폰 (seu-ma-teu pon) — smartphone

메세지 (meh-seh-ji) — message

카메라 (ka-meh-ra) — digital camera

소식 (so-shiik) — information

음악 (eu-mak) — music

영화 (yung-hwa) — film

라디오 (ra-dii-oh) — radio

광고 (gwang-go) — industrial


Korean delicacies is continuous to rise in recognition, what with its status for being wholesome, distinctive and simply plain scrumptious. When you haven’t tried any Korean meals but, you’re lacking out on some implausible experiences your style buds will cherish.

And whether or not you’re going to a Korean restaurant or the native Korean grocery store, you’re going to must know some fundamental meals vocab to get by.

음식 (eum-shiik) — meal

(ssal) / (bahp) — rice

(bbang) — bread

(mul) — water

주스 (ju-seu) — juice

(sul) — alcohol

김치 (gim-chi) — kimchi

채소 (chae-so) / 야채 (ya-chae) — greens

고기 (go-gee) — meat

생선 (saeng-sun) — fish

과일 (gwa-eel) — fruits

반찬 (ban-chan) — aspect dish

사탕 (sa-tang) — sweet, sweets

디저트 (dee-juh-teu) — dessert

아침밥 (ah-chiim-bahp) — breakfast

점심 (jum-shiim) — lunch

저녁 (juh-nyuk) — dinner

간식 (gan-shiik) — snack


It isn’t only a matter of declaring your head, shoulders, knees and toes. When you’re in Korea, understanding the best way to say the physique components is significant for a lot of conditions, primarily these which are medical in nature. You wouldn’t need the physician wanting into your ears when you will have a damaged arm!

머리 (muh-rii) — head

얼굴 (eol-gool) — face

(nun) — eye

(ko) — nostril

(iip) — mouth

(gwi) — ear

어깨 (uh-kkae) — shoulder

가슴 (ga-seum) — chest

(dwii) — again

(wii) — abdomen

(pahl) — arm

다리 (da-rii) — leg

(bahl) — foot

(sohn) — hand


In Korean and another language, it’s essential to know the best way to talk your ideas and emotions. So you must positively study the phrases for a few of these on a regular basis sentiments you will have.

생각 (saeng-gak) — thought

감정 (gam-jeong) — emotion

사랑 (sa-rang) — love

싫음 (shi-reum) — dislike, disgust

배고픔 (bae-go-peum) — starvation

기쁨 (gi-bbeum) — pleasure

흥분 (heung-bun) — agitation

재미 (jae-mi) — enjoyable

놀라움 (nol-ra-woom) — shock

슬픔 (seul-ppeum) — unhappiness

걱정 (geok-jeong) — fear

실망 (shil-mang) — disappointment

두려움 (du-ryuh-oom) — concern


This can be a good first style of the Korean language, and there’s a lot extra to stay up for.

Certain, it’s a reasonably large listing that’ll hold you busy, however you’ll get all these phrases down in time. Quickly sufficient, you’ll be transferring on to study a whole lot extra and transfer into the 1000’s!

To get you motivated, right here’s another phrase that’s used want folks good luck: 화이팅 (hwa-ii-ting), which suggests “combat on!”



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