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Learn how to Inform Time in Korean: All the pieces You Ought to Know!



Let’s discover ways to inform time in Korean! Everybody must know find out how to discuss time, and Korean time is not any totally different. So I’ll train you all of the fundamentals on this article.

For those who’re a newbie, we’ll begin with reviewing Korean numbers, after which transfer on to telling time and dates. Then you definately’ll study some necessary phrases so you may make and follow appointments and meetups!

For those who’re questioning what time it’s in Korea in comparison with the place you’re at, Korea makes use of Korea Customary Time (KST). It’s 9 hours forward of UTC (Coordinated Common Time) and 14 hours forward of EST (Japanese Customary Time).

One different query you will have earlier than we get began: Does Korea use a 12 or 24-hour clock? Like in lots of elements of the world, the 12-hour clock is most typical in Korea. However 24-hour clocks are used within the navy and time schedules (like on the airport, for instance).

Time’s a wastin’!

Learn how to Say “Time” in Korean

“Time” in Korean is 시간 (sigan). “Hour” in Korean can also be 시간 (sigan) or 시 (si). 시간 (sigan) is used for size of time, whereas 시 (si) is used to mark an hour (“o’clock”).

Listed below are some extra Korean time phrases to know:

  • Minute: 분 (bun)
  • Half/half-hour: 반 (ban)
  • Second: 초 (cho)
  • Day: 일 (il)
  • Week: 주 (ju) or 주간 (jugan)
  • Month: 월 (wol)
  • 12 months: 년 (nyeon)
  • AM: 오전 (ojeon)
  • PM/Afternoon: 오후 (ohu)
  • Dawn: 새벽 (saebyeok)
  • Morning: 아침 (achim)
  • Midday/Lunchtime: 정오 (jeong-o) or 점심 (jeomsim)
  • Night: 저녁 (jeonyeok)
  • Night time: 밤 (bam)
  • Midnight: 자정, jajeong

Learn how to Inform Time in Korean: Evaluate Korean Numbers

Learn how to write time in Korean depends upon understanding the Korean quantity methods! Sure, that’s proper – methods. Korean has two, the Native Korean numbers and the Sino-Korean numbers.

I defined all this in-depth in our information to Korean numbers, however right here’s a fast overview of 1 – 12.

Sino-Korean numbers:

  • 1: 일 (il)
  • 2: 이 (i)
  • 3: 삼 (sam)
  • 4: 사 (sa)
  • 5: 오 (o)
  • 6: 육 (yuk)
  • 7: 칠 (chil)
  • 8: 팔 (pal)
  • 9: 구 (gu)
  • 10: 십 (sip)
  • 11: 십일 (sibil)
  • 12: 십이 (sibi)

And the Native Korean numbers:

  • 1: 하나 (hana, however is often shortened to 한 or han)
  • 2: 둘 (dul)
  • 3: 셋 (set)
  • 4: 넷 (web)
  • 5: 다섯 (daseot)
  • 6: 여섯 (yeoseot)
  • 7: 일곱 (ilgop)
  • 8: 여덟 (yeodeol)
  • 9: 아홉 (ahop)
  • 10: 열 (yeol)
  • 11: 열하나 (yeolhana)
  • 12: 열둘 (yeoldul)

So right here’s the place issues get a bit difficult at first. You’ll use the Native Korean numbers (hana, dul, set) for hours. And also you’ll use the Sino-Korean numbers (il, i, sam) for minutes and seconds, in addition to days/weeks/months/years.

Korean Time Grammar: What You Have to Know

Okay, so how can we put all this collectively?

Let’s begin with hours. First, you’ll mix your Native Korean quantity with the phrase for hour, 시 (si). Listed below are some examples:

  • 1 o’clock: 한 시 (han si)
  • 5 o’clock: 다섯 시 (daseot si)
  • 12 o’clock: 열두 시 (yeoldu si – be aware you drop the ultimate batchim, “l”)

Acquired the dangle of it? Cool. Now let’s check out minutes. This time, we’ll be utilizing the Sino-Korean numbers:

  • 10 minutes: 십분 (sip bun)
  • quarter-hour: 십오분 (sipo bun)
  • half-hour: 삼십분 (samsip bun) or 반 (ban, “half”)
  • 45 minutes: 사십오분 (sasipo bun)

Keep in mind, we stack the numbers to create what we want. So “40” is “4 + 10” and “15” is “10 + 5”.

Now let’s put all of it collectively:

  • 1:10: 한 시 십 분 (hansip sip bun)
  • 5:15: 다섯 시 십오 분 (daseot si sipo bun)
  • 7:30: 일곱 시 반 (ilgop si ban) or 일곱 시 삼십 분 (ilgopsi samsip bun)
  • 12:45: 열두 시 사십오 분 (yeoldu si sasipo bun)

Now for a little bit of the grammar. If you wish to add “AM” or “PM”, it must go earlier than the time, not after. For instance:

  • 1:10pm: 오후 한 시 십 분 (ohu hansip sip bun)
  • 5am: 오전 다섯 시 (ojeon daseot si)

You’ll use the Korean particle 에 (e) if you wish to discuss a time when one thing occurs. Like this:

오전 9시에 일하러 가요.<br>
Ojeon ahopsi-e ilhareo gayo.<br>
“I am going to work at 9am.”

Speaking About Days, Weeks, Months and Years in Korean

Now that we are able to inform time, let’s discuss larger items of time: days of the week and dates on a calendar.

The months of the 12 months are:

  • January: 일월 (irwol)
  • February: 이월 (iwol)
  • March: 섬월 (samwol)
  • April: 서월 (sawol)
  • Might: 오월 (owol)
  • June: 유월 (yuwol)
  • July: 칠월 (chirwol)
  • August: 팔월 (parwol)
  • September: 구시월 (guwol)
  • October: 시월 (siwol)
  • November: 십일월 (sibirwol)
  • December: 십이월 (sibiwol)

It’s possible you’ll discover that the months are simply the Sino-Korean quantity + 월, wol, for months.

The times of the month are the identical. They’re the Sino-Korean quantity + 일, il:

  • 1일, ilil: First of the month
  • 10일, sibil: Tenth of the month
  • 25일, isiboil: Twenty-fifth of the month

For years, you’ll use numbers right here as nicely. “Thousand” in Korean is 천, cheon. And “hundred” is 백, baek.

  • 1999: 1999년 in writing, pronounced 천구백구십구년, cheon gubaek gusibgu nyeon
  • 2022: 2022년 in writing, pronounced 이천이십이, icheon isibi nyeon

And the times of the week are:

  • Monday: 월요일 (wollyoil)
  • Tuesday: 화요일 (hwayoil)
  • Wednesday: 수요일 (suyoil)
  • Thursday: 목요일 (mogyoil)
  • Friday: 금요일 (geumyoil)
  • Saturday: 토요일 (toyoil)
  • Sunday: 일요일 (illyoil)

(By the best way, now we have an entire information to days of the week in Korean if you wish to study extra!)

If you put all of it collectively, you’ll write the 12 months first, then the month, then the day and day of the week. So it’ll seem like this:

오늘은 2022년 5월 4일 화요일이에요.<br>
Oneul-eun icheon isibi nyeon owol sail hwayoil ieyo.<br>
“In the present day is Tuesday, Might 4th, 2022.”

Lastly, listed below are some useful time-related vocab for speaking about days, weeks, months, and years:

  • In the present day: 오늘, oneul
  • Tomorrow: 내일, naeil
  • Yesterday: 어제, eoje
  • Day after tomorrow: 모레, extra
  • Two days in the past: 이틀 전, iteul jeon
  • This week: 이번 주, ibeon ju
  • Final week: 지난주, jinanju
  • Subsequent week: 다음주, da-eumju
  • The week after subsequent: 다 다음주, da da-eumju
  • Two weeks in the past: 이주 전, iju jeon
  • This 12 months: 올해, olhae
  • Subsequent 12 months: 내년, naenyeon
  • Final 12 months: 작년, jagnyeon
  • In two years: 이년 후, inyeon hu
  • Two years in the past: 이년 전, inyeon jeon
  • Now: 지금, jigeum
  • Earlier than: 전에, jeon-e
  • Later: 나중, najung
  • Earlier: 더 일찍, deo iljjik

You’ve realized find out how to discuss time and dates now, so now that you must know find out how to ask about time! These frequent questions will likely be good ones to memorize.

“What time is it proper now?” in Korean is 지금 몇 시지? (jigeum myeot siji?) or 지금 몇 시예요 (jigeum myeot siyeyo) for extra well mannered conditions. For simply “What time is it?” in Korean, drop 지금 (jigeum) so it’s simply 몇 시예요? (myeot siyeyo)

Listed below are another questions you may need to ask:

  • “What time lets meet?” – 몇 시에 만날까요?, myeot si-e mannalkkayo?
  • “What time is the live performance?” – 콘서트는 몇 시입니까?, konseoteu-neun myeot siimnikka?
  • “What time is…” – …몇시입니까?, myeot siimnikka?
  • “When?” – 언제, eonje
  • “When is it?” – 그게 언제에요?, geuge eonje-eyo?
  • “When is your birthday?” – 당신의 생일은 언제입니까?, dangsin-ui saengil-eun eonje imnikka?
  • “When do you go to work?” – 언제 일하러 가니?, eonje ilhareo gani?

If you wish to know find out how to say “this complete time” in Korean, you should utilize 내내 (naenae, “on a regular basis”) or 종일 (jong-il, “all day”). As an illustration, 내내 일했어요 (naenae ilhaesseoyo), “I labored this complete time.”

One other comparable assertion you may need to make associated to time is “very long time no see” in Korean. That’s 오랜만이에요 (oraenmanieyo, formal) or 오랜만이야 (oraenmaniya, casual).

Time to Wrap Up This Korean Lesson

You probably did it! You realized find out how to inform time in Korean. Right here’s a fast overview:

  • Hours in Korean use the Native Korean quantity system.
  • Minutes, seconds, dates and months use the Sino-Korean quantity system.
  • “AM” and “PM” come earlier than the time, not after.
  • Use 반 (ban) to say “half hour”.
  • When saying or writing dates, it goes [year] [month] [date] [day].
  • Ask “What time is it?” with 지금 몇 시지? (jigeum myeot siji?)
  • “When is it?” is 그게 언제에요? (geuge eonje-eyo?)

Now a very powerful factor to do is observe! It may be onerous to recollect the Native-Korean-then-Sino-Korean-Numbers change from hours to minutes – so observe makes good.

Apply telling your self the time. Write the date and time in hangul. The extra you observe, the quicker you’ll grasp telling time in Korean!

Able to study extra? Listed below are another Korean guides to stage up with:

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