If you end up feeling below the climate with a fever, physique aches, and different signs, you could surprise what’s making you are feeling so dangerous. Is it seasonal influenza (generally known as the flu)? Or might you’ve gotten COVID-19? Whereas the 2 diseases share many similarities, there are just a few variations.
Path to improved well being
COVID-19 and the flu are each brought on by viruses. However they’re brought on by totally different viruses. COVID-19 is brought on by the coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Coronaviruses have been round for a very long time and coronaviruses could cause you to get the widespread chilly. Flu, alternatively, is brought on by the influenza virus. It is a seasonal virus with two sorts: Influenza A and Influenza B.
You possibly can catch COVID-19 and the flu in related methods. When an individual talks, sneezes, or coughs, tiny, invisible particles go away their mouth and nostril and journey by the air. These particles are the place the virus can dwell. Should you breathe in these particles, the virus is then inside your physique and may make you sick. Additionally, in the event you get the particles in your fingers after which contact your mouth, nostril, or eyes, you will get sick. This is the reason it’s so vital to scrub your fingers incessantly.
COVID-19 is far more contagious than the flu. Which means it passes extra rapidly and simply from one particular person to a different.
Individuals most in danger
Whereas anybody can get COVID-19 and the flu, some teams of persons are at the next danger of getting sick. For each COVID-19 and flu, adults over 65, people who find themselves pregnant, individuals with lung illness, coronary heart illness, or diabetes have a larger danger. Learn extra about flu dangers for individuals with power circumstances.
Kids are additionally in danger for each COVID-19 and flu.
COVID-19 and the flu have lots of the identical signs, together with:
- Hassle respiratory.
- Excessive tiredness.
- Sore throat.
- Stuffy nostril.
- Physique aches, together with headache.
You may additionally lose your sense of scent or style if in case you have COVID-19.
COVID-19 and the flu could cause extreme sickness and problems that require hospitalization. In case you have any of those signs, contact your physician instantly. They will diagnose which sickness you’ve gotten and supply recommendation about what you must do subsequent.
How lengthy are you sick?
It’s potential to unfold COVID-19 and the flu to others earlier than you even know you’re sick. In case you have COVID-19, you may unfold the virus 2 days earlier than you’ve gotten signs. After signs start, you’re seemingly contagious for 10 days. It’s vital to steer clear of different individuals throughout this time to maintain them from getting sick. Should you’re round somebody who has COVID-19, it may well take between 2 and 14 days so that you can develop signs.
With the flu, you may unfold it 1 day earlier than your signs start. After getting signs, you’re contagious for as much as 7 days. This time could be longer for teenagers and seniors. Should you’re uncovered to somebody with the flu, it may well take between 1 and 4 days so that you can develop signs.
Individuals are normally sicker for an extended time frame with COVID-19 than with the flu.
There are totally different exams that may affirm if in case you have COVID-19. Some exams require a cotton swab to be put in your nostril. The tip of the swab collects a pattern out of your nasal cavity as a result of that is the place the germs dwell. The swab is then despatched to a laboratory for testing. The swab might also be used for a fast antigen take a look at, nonetheless, you could want to substantiate a constructive or unfavourable outcome with a laboratory (PCR) take a look at in the event you nonetheless have signs or in the event you want a unfavourable take a look at to return to high school or work. A saliva take a look at could also be supplied and at dwelling (over-the-counter) exams are additionally obtainable in some areas. Be sure you test that the take a look at is permitted by the FDA earlier than buying.
In case your physician thinks you’ve gotten the flu, they’ll carry out one among two exams. One take a look at entails placing a swab up your nostril. This swab can be despatched to the lab for testing. The opposite take a look at entails amassing a pattern from the again of your throat. It will likely be despatched to the lab for testing, too. Speedy exams are additionally obtainable for flu.
Laboratories have additionally developed exams that may detect each flu and COVID-19. Discuss together with your physician to see if they’re obtainable in your space.
Three vaccines for COVID-19 have been licensed for emergency use in the US. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, Comirnaty, was accepted by the FDA for people 16 years and older. This 2-dose shot remains to be is below emergency use authorization for kids ages 5-11 and adolescents ages 12-15. The Moderna vaccine (2 pictures) and Johnson & Johnson vaccine (1 shot) had been licensed by the FDA for people 18 years and older. All three vaccines are really helpful by the CDC and given as a shot in your arm.
Security and efficacy information has been collected in over 220 million individuals who have gotten at the very least one dose of vaccine. Some uncommon negative effects have been noticed, however total the vaccines are secure and efficient at stopping extreme illness, hospitalization, and loss of life.
These vaccines don’t provide you with COVID-19, and don’t trigger problems throughout being pregnant or trigger decreases in fertility.
There’s a vaccine you will get to assist shield you towards the flu. It’s given as a shot in your arm. The American Academy of Household Physicians recommends everybody older than 6 months previous get the yearly flu shot, until their physician says in any other case. Should you get the flu, there are medicines your physician can prescribe that will help you relieve signs.
The flu shot doesn’t provide the flu.
Should you’ve had COVID-19, it might take you a very long time to get well or weeks earlier than you are feeling like your self once more. For some individuals, it might take months (also referred to as lengthy COVID). Discuss together with your physician if in case you have signs that proceed, as there choices for administration of those ongoing signs.
Individuals who have had the flu normally really feel significantly better about 2 weeks after getting sick.
Issues to contemplate
COVID-19 and the flu share many problems. These embody pneumonia, respiratory failure, kidney failure, and blood infections. These diseases may also make present circumstances—together with points with the guts, lungs, and diabetes—worse. In extreme instances, each diseases might result in loss of life.
In case you have COVID-19, you might also develop blood clots in your legs, lungs, coronary heart, or mind. Your probabilities for these negative effects go up if in case you have coronary heart illness, lung illness, or diabetes. Some kids develop multisystem inflammatory syndrome. It is a severe situation, nevertheless it isn’t quite common.
Should you’ve had the flu, you could develop a sinus an infection or an ear an infection. You may additionally get pneumonia, which could be severe. Extreme negative effects are extra widespread in people who find themselves youthful than 5 years previous or older than 65 years previous, pregnant, or who’ve bronchial asthma, diabetes, or coronary heart illness.
CDC: Coronavirus Self-Checker (click on on self-check signs on the proper aspect)