After a hearty Korean breakfast of rice with 반찬 (ban-chan) facet dishes accompanied by a cup of candy 달고나 (dal-go-na) espresso, all you could full your morning is a greeting that can give a very good first impression.
Right here’s an inventory of some widespread Korean morning greetings that you just’ll wish to know with a purpose to begin your time without work proper!
1. 안녕하세요 (Howdy – formal)
Chances are you’ll already know this one! It’s the usual Korean approach of claiming “Howdy,” but it surely’s additionally used as the commonest technique to greet somebody within the daytime.
In reality, it’s really extra continuously used than most morning-specific greetings!
This phrase is formal because of the inclusion of 하세요, which is an crucial that orders somebody to do one thing. 요 is a Korean honorific phrase that, when added to the top of a phrase or sentence, makes it extra respectful in nature.
안녕 itself interprets to “peace.” So, when translated extra actually, 안녕하세요 basically means you’re wishing somebody to “be at peace.”
Use 안녕하세요 in your elders, these with whom you’re much less acquainted, your social superiors (corresponding to your boss and office seniors) and other people that deserve a level of respect.
안녕하십니까 (ahn-nyung-ha-shim-ni-kka) is an much more formal model of this phrase—the ending 하십니까 signifies very excessive respect. Nonetheless, this model is relatively unique in its use, so that you in all probability gained’t have a frequent want for it. It can be utilized in a sarcastic, humorous method amongst buddies—I personally have used it to greet somebody who luxuriously overslept and ended up late to a meetup.
2. 안녕 (Howdy – casual)
Merely eradicating 하세요 from 안녕하세요 provides you with an off-the-cuff and extra casual model of the greeting.
안녕 is a really commonly-used greeting amongst buddies and when addressing those that are near or youthful than you in age. I personally prefer it as a result of it’s brief and fast to say. And for somebody like me, who yawns greater than talks within the morning, that issues!
By the best way, 안녕 can be used to imply “Goodbye.” It serves a twin objective—discuss handy!
3. 잘 잤어요? (Did you sleep nicely? – formal)
Pronunciation: jal jat-ssuh-yo
This greeting takes the type of a well mannered query. It’s formal and acceptable in your social superiors, elders and acquaintances. It really works for anybody you want to deal with with a level of respect, even when you contemplate them your buddy.
You may reply this query with 네 (ne, “Sure”) or 네, 잘 잤어요 (ne, jal jat-ssuh-yo, “Sure, I slept nicely”).
An much more formal model of this phrase is 안녕히 주무셨어요 (ahn-nyung-hi ju-mu-shyut-ssuh-yo)? The principle distinction is within the verb conjugation.
The 주무셨 that replaces the 잤 is a conjugation of the verb 주무시다 (ju-mu-shi-da, “to sleep”). 주무시다 is a way more formal model of the verb 자다 (ja-da, “to sleep”), which is what 잤 is conjugated from.
4. 잘 잤어? (Did you sleep nicely? – casual)
Pronunciation: jal jat-ssuh
Once more, merely eradicating the honorific ending 요 provides you with its extra casual equal. Use this query in your buddies and people which might be near you—basically, the parents that you just don’t must be so formal and respectful round.
As an alternative of simply saying it outright to somebody very first thing within the morning, I sometimes ask this query after a extra impartial greeting, corresponding to 안녕.
It’s not vital, however when you want to begin conversations with a “Howdy” relatively than a query, then you are able to do the identical!
5. 좋은 아침이에요 (It’s a very good morning – formal)
Pronunciation: joh-eun ah-chi-mee-eh-yo
This phrase might be the closest equal to the English “Good morning.”
Nonetheless, it’s not used as typically as you’d count on. As talked about earlier, the generic 안녕하세요 and 안녕 are literally the extra frequently-used morning greetings.
좋은 아침이에요 remains to be a pleasant and relatively joyful-sounding formal greeting, so you possibly can actually put it to make use of! It can also work as a touch upon the precise standing of the day—like a approach of claiming that the morning (the climate, for instance) is sort of nice.
6. 좋은 아침 (It’s a very good morning – casual)
Pronunciation: joh-eun ah-chim
The much less formal model of 좋은 아침이에요 that you should use to casually greet your buddies within the early hours.
I personally consider it as equal to the easy English greeting of “Morning.” Once more, it could possibly additionally work to touch upon the morning itself.
7. 굿모닝 (Good morning – slang)
This can be a Konglish (Korean-English) greeting. It’s fairly actually a Korean phonetic spelling of the English “Good morning.”
Due to this, not one of the phrases even have a typical Korean that means!
You in all probability wouldn’t use this greeting in real-life with somebody (particularly to not anybody who deserves a bit extra respect). It’s thought of to belong within the area of slang.
Nonetheless, you’ll find this phrase utilized in on-line areas and textual content messaging. Etiquette isn’t as important in these realms, so if you wish to higher slot in on-line or perceive “hip” Web discuss, this greeting is an effective one to know.
Morning greetings could seem to be simply forgettable components of your day, however they’re well mannered staples to on a regular basis life.
And since Korean tradition values respect a lot, it’s at all times a good suggestion to know which greeting you should use for whom. You don’t wish to put a damper on the early hours of somebody’s day since you used the mistaken phrase!
So now that you know the way to want everybody a “good morning” in Korean (and also you’ve had your espresso), you’re prepared to begin your day!