Introduction To Portfolio Assessments
In an article on enhancing the standard of performance-based assessments within the classroom, Jay McTighe tells the reader to “Consider evaluation as analogous to pictures. Just like the outcomes on a check, an image might be informative; nonetheless, no single picture can present an entire portrayal of a state of affairs…what we want is a photograph album of proof on scholar studying, not a snapshot…” (McTighe, 2018). That is the first goal and argument in favor of utilizing portfolios as a type of evaluation.
What Are Portfolio Assessments?
In line with Hudori, et al. (2020), “A portfolio is a purposeful assortment of scholar work that displays the coed’s efforts, progress, and achievements in a number of areas of the curriculum” (Hudori et al., 2020, p. 1). Inside this textual content, H. Douglas Brown is cited as arguing that portfolio evaluation, then, is “some of the in style options in evaluation, particularly inside a framework of communicative language instructing” (Brown, 2000, as cited in Hudori, et al., 2020, p. 1). Portfolio assessments are another in that they function a secondary choice to conventional types of evaluation, corresponding to paper and pencil exams. Portfolio assessments are additionally genuine, as they assess what a scholar can do reasonably than what they know.
What Are ePortfolio Assessments?
As our society continues to progress into the age of know-how, extra facets of schooling (and different industries) proceed to be reformatted in order that they could be utilized on digital/digital platforms. As indicated inside a analysis examine carried out by Peter Slepcevic-Zach and Michaela Inventory, “The digital implementation of portfolios known as ‘ePortfolios,’ ‘digital portfolios,’ or ‘digital portfolios.’ These phrases are used interchangeably (Hormung-Prähauser, et al., 2007, as cited in Slepcevic-Zach and Inventory, 2018, p. 293) and signify digital realizations of paper-based portfolios, that are carried out as digital folders” (Bauer amd Baumgartner, 2012, as cited in Slepcevic-Zach and Inventory, 2018, p. 293). Via the quickly increasing age of know-how, particularly throughout the subject of schooling, ePortfolios have develop into a well-liked alternative for conventional paper-based portfolios. However, the usage of ePortfolios as a type of various evaluation carry a number of noteworthy benefits and drawbacks.
Benefits Of ePortfolio Assessments
1. Improved Communication Amongst Stakeholders
There may be fact within the outdated adage that “it takes a village to lift a toddler,” particularly in that youngster’s instructional profession. Efficient communication between directors, academics, dad and mom, and the scholars themselves are crucial in making certain the success of the learners. Using ePortfolio assessments improves the premise for communication and analysis from not solely the scholars, but additionally their dad and mom and their academics. As famous by Osman Birgin and Adnan Baki (2007), portfolio evaluation “permits college students mother or father, instructor and employees to guage the scholars’ power and weak spot…” and “will increase assist to college students from their dad and mom and enhances communication amongst academics, college students and fogeys” (Birgin and Baki, 2007, p. 84). Gürbüz Ocak and Mustafa Ulu additional reinforce this in noting the next:
Portfolios foster communication amongst college students, academics and fogeys (Micklo, 1997, as cited in Ocak and Ulu, 2009, p. 35). Via portfolio, college students, academics and fogeys can perceive what kind of studying takes place within the classroom (Lamdin and Walker, 1994, as cited in Ocak and Ulu, 2009, p. 35). As well as, college students get higher communication with members of the family through the portfolio work (Ocak and Ulu, 2009, p. 35).
2. Elevated Feeling Of Autonomy Amongst College students
One of many extra distinctive traits of portfolio assessments is the autonomy college students acquire in having the ability to select their very own artifacts (items of writing) which might be to be included throughout the portfolio. Such autonomy supplies college students with a sense of funding of their work and a stronger intrinsic motivation to succeed. In a analysis examine on the feelings skilled from utilizing ePortfolios in a university-based digital schooling surroundings, “The outcomes present that optimistic feelings are foremost and above common, ranked as follows from strongest to weakest: freedom, motivation, curiosity, and inquiry” (Crisol Moya et al., 2021, p. 11). The authors moreover word right here that “The emotion of ‘freedom’ that college students expertise to a serious diploma can present that college students are snug of their function as information builders by means of the e-portfolio. This sense implies that college students are ready to manage their studying and are free to deal with their very own reflection processes” (Crisol Moya et al., 2021, p. 11).
3. Actual-World Relevance And Preparation
One of many main targets of schooling is to supply college students with the instruments wanted to reach the true world by means of the event and use of genuine, related duties. The event of an ePortfolio can put together college students for the true world by introducing them to quite a lot of platforms which might be much like what skilled journalists and bloggers may use. In an article printed through eLearning Business, Joseph Ng notes that, in his strategy to utilizing the net platform Blogger as an ePortfolio internet hosting website, “Every scholar would have their very own portfolio/weblog. This might be an especially helpful characteristic in the true world, in comparison with closed quizzes that they might by no means use once more. A number of the college students have gone on to make use of their weblog information in enterprise and instructing” (Ng, 2022).
Disadvantages Of ePortfolio Assessments
1. Unreliability Due To Subjectivity And Ambiguity
One noteworthy high quality of a standard multiple-choice examination is the consistency to which a selected query is both right or incorrect, no matter who’s answering the query or who’s grading it. In that regard, one notable drawback to an ePortfolio evaluation strategy is the extent to which they could be unreliable, as a result of their subjective nature and/or any type of ambiguity in the way in which they’re initially launched, or the way in which their standards is defined. To the primary level right here, Derrick Meador through ThoughtCo notes that “Portfolio assessments are very subjective in nature. Even when the instructor makes use of a rubric, the individualized nature of a portfolio makes it troublesome to stay goal and stick with the rubric. Two college students engaged on the identical studying customary might have two completely completely different approaches thus studying is probably not the identical” (Meador, 2019). To that extent, rubrics for portfolio assessments should be written in a extra common method. In reference to the readability of portfolio evaluation standards, Birgin and Baki recommend that “If the aim and evaluation standards of portfolio are usually not clear, the portfolio might be only a miscellaneous assortment of phrases that may’t mirror college students’ development or achievement precisely. Thus, the aim and evaluation standards of portfolios ought to be defined intimately and clearly” (Birgin and Baki, 2007, p. 85).
2. Expense Of Time And Vitality
Many academics might agree that there’s by no means sufficient time within the faculty yr to completely instruct and assess college students the way in which they may beneath extra ultimate circumstances. Growing and grading an ePortfolio evaluation can price a instructor time and vitality that they could not have sufficient of. In a paper printed throughout his postgraduate examine of English language schooling, Teddy Fiktorius notes that “Portfolio evaluation might be very time-consuming for academics…the technique places extra stress on academics and makes some really feel anxious particularly these utilizing it for the primary time” (Fiktorius, 2013, p. 8).
3. Lack Of Help From Dad and mom
As talked about above, one noticed and research-driven benefit of portfolio assessments is the improved communication that comes because of utilizing this strategy. Although improved communication might come because of utilizing portfolio assessments, lack of parental assist is sadly additionally a risk, given the unfamiliar nature of some of these assessments. Birgin and Baki deal with this in noting that “One other drawback of portfolio evaluation is parental or neighborhood assist for such a brand new and unfamiliar system of evaluation…Such a change could possibly be troublesome for folks to simply accept or modify to with out appreciable effort to coach them as to the character and benefits of the brand new system” (Thomas et al., 2005, as cited in Birgin and Baki, 2007, p. 85).
Successfully Utilizing ePortfolio Assessments In The English Classroom
Contemplating every of the beforehand acknowledged benefits and drawbacks, the next three methods are supplied for the way a instructor (notably an English/language arts instructor) might finest use ePortfolio assessments of their classroom.
1. Use It In Conjunction, Not Commutation
Most studying/language sections on standardized exams deal with not solely a scholar’s studying capacity, but additionally their enhancing, vocabulary, spelling, and writing skills. Due to how multifaceted these standardized testing sections are typically, it’s important for college students—within the English classroom—to have experiences utilizing ePortfolio evaluation in addition to conventional assessments that will assist put together them for these high-stakes exams. To this extent, Fiktorius means that “Portfolio evaluation and standardized testing can intertwine and complement one another” (Fiktorius, 2013, p. 9). An English instructor ought, then, to make the most of an tutorial strategy that blends each of those evaluation methods.
2. Present Constant, Significant Suggestions
Historically, when genuine assessments corresponding to essays and tasks are graded, they embody some degree of suggestions and commentary supposed to supply the coed with a proof on why they could have earned their rating and what steps should be taken to make sure enchancment on the following evaluation. In successfully utilizing an ePortfolio evaluation strategy within the English classroom, it will be significant that such suggestions/commentary be supplied on all works accomplished in order that college students might make a better-informed resolution when selecting artifacts for his or her portfolios. Moreover, academics might must steadily convention with every scholar to assist them of their portfolio improvement processes. Derrick Meador notes that “A portfolio evaluation requires a terrific degree of particular person interplay between the coed and instructor whereby they’re all the time collaborating in regards to the necessities and parts going into the portfolio” (Meador, 2019).
3. Permit For Intensive Self-Analysis And Self-Reflection
Arguably a very powerful aspect of an ePortfolio evaluation strategy is the self-evaluation and self-reflection that college students endure within the means of creating and perfecting their portfolios. To successfully implement ePortfolio assessments in an English classroom, college students will need to have loads of alternatives to guage and mirror on their very own works, and the decision-making course of that goes into selecting or not selecting specific works. Hudori et al. (2020) posit that the utilization of a “portfolio focuses on a significant assortment of scholar’s efficiency and significant reflection and analysis of that work…The adoption of a portfolio strategy in EFL [English as a foreign language] writing lecture rooms might empower college students’ energetic participation in self-evaluating their very own work throughout the writing course of” (Hudori et al., 2020, p. 5).
As know-how continues to advance, so do technique of evaluation, and throughout the schooling business, ePortfolio assessments show to be a useful technique of measuring a scholar’s cognitive development and capabilities. However, as with all different type of evaluation, the instructor using an ePortfolio evaluation strategy should conduct adequate analysis, lesson planning, and analysis (of self and the learners) to make sure that the evaluation is getting used to its fullest potential. Sure, a photograph album might present a clearer portrayal of a topic than a single snapshot, however there are many issues and facets that should be thought-about when correctly placing collectively such an album so that point, vitality, and different sources are usually not wasted within the course of.
- Birgin, O., and A. Baki. September 2007. “Using portfolio to evaluate scholar’s efficiency.” Journal of Turkish Science Schooling 4 (2): 84–85.
- Crisol Moya, E., V. Gámiz Sánchez, and M. Asunción Romero López. June 21, 2021. “College college students’ feelings when utilizing e-Portfolios in digital schooling environments.” Sustainability 13 (12): 11.
- Fiktorius, T. 2013. Portfolio evaluation in English Language Instructing (ELT). Thesis, College of Tanjungpura Pontianak.
- Hudori, R., Z. Tasnim, A. Fardhani, and D. Sari. 2020. “Using portfolio evaluation in English writing lessons.” IOP Convention Sequence: Earth and Environmental Science 485: 1–5.
- McTighe, J. February 1, 2018. “Three key questions on measuring studying.” ASCD 75 (5).
- Meador, D. March 4, 2019. “The aim of constructing a portfolio evaluation.” In ThoughtCo.
- Ng, J. Might 14, 2022. “Actual-life ecosystem with scholar ePortfolios.” In eLearning Business.
- Ocak, G., and M. Ulu. January 2, 2009. “The views of scholars, academics and fogeys and the usage of portfolio on the main degree.” Procedia—Social and Behavioral Sciences 1 (1): 35.
- Slepcevic-Zach, P., and M. Inventory. February 26, 2018. “EPortfolio as a software for reflection and self-reflection.” Reflective Apply 19 (3): 293.