The foundations of commas will be slippery little rascals. I discover myself undoing dangerous habits with my college students as a result of poor comma rule definitions and a scarcity of grammar follow, virtually greater than educating correct comma utilization.
Nevertheless, one can solely go to date in telling a category what to not do with out exhibiting them what to do. And, as soon as they’ve mastered correct comma use, we get to combine all of it up once more with phrases like “thus.”
Thus has a number of meanings, and the way you utilize it determines if a comma belongs with it or not. Let’s check out how the phrase thus is used and when a comma is acceptable and when it’s not.
What Does Thus Imply?
Thus is a conjunctive adverb and can be utilized in two alternative ways. Conjunctive adverbs are adverbs that perform as a conjunction and a conjunction that capabilities as an adverb.
It may possibly imply “on this manner” or “like this”.
- She was watching the birds on the chicken feeder and, whereas thus distracted, missed the time.
It may possibly additionally imply the identical because the phrases “subsequently,” “consequently,” or “on account of.”
- He failed to concentrate at school, thus failing the course.
When Ought to Thus be Used?
Thus is a proper phrase that’s usually utilized in formal speech and writing. It’s also considerably dated and never typically present in trendy settings or informal speech buildings. Nevertheless, it does make an look inside casual speech to spotlight tone or a comedic impact.
You additionally most likely observed above that in the event you eliminated thus from the sentences (go forward and do it in the event you haven’t already), the which means and construction of the sentences don’t change.
When Does a Comma Belong Earlier than or After “Thus”?
When “thus” is used to imply “like this” or “on this manner,” you don’t use a comma. The one time you utilize a comma with “thus” is when it’s used to exchange the phrases “subsequently,” “consequently,” or “on account of.”
There are a number of guidelines surrounding comma use relying on the location and use of “thus.”
Rule #1: Thus In a Sentence with Two Impartial Clauses
Since thus is a conjunctive adverb, it really works as a coordinating conjunction to affix collectively two full sentences.
Coordinating conjunctions are phrases corresponding to however, and, or, and so and require the usage of a comma positioned earlier than them. Since thus works to exchange consequently or subsequently in these sentences, it is advisable to place a semicolon earlier than it and a comma after it.
- We had over a month of three-digit temperatures; thus, I misplaced many vegetation in my backyard.
- My peach tree was loaded with flowers; thus, we had a superb harvest.
Rule #2: Thus, on the Starting of a Sentence
If thus is used to start a sentence, it virtually all the time is adopted by a comma. There is no such thing as a strict punctuation rule regarding an introductory thus, so be sure you observe the type information or teacher instructions for constant writing.
- We drove all by way of the evening. Thus, we reached our vacation spot earlier than the crowds and have been capable of chill out.
Rule #3: Thus to Introduce a Gerund or Gerund Phrase
Gerund or gerund phrases are a noun type of a verb ending in -ing. Gerunds are extremely troublesome for college kids to grasp since they affiliate an -ing ending on the finish of a verb to be a progressive type.
Examples of gerunds embrace:
- Dancing is enjoyable.
- He taught us writing.
- I favor working.
When thus is used to exchange “consequently” or “as results of” to introduce a gerund, a comma must be positioned earlier than it, however not after it.
- They traveled all winter, thus lacking the big snowstorm.
- She answered the query appropriately, thus ending the spelling bee.
- She labored exhausting at school, thus passing with a very good grade.
Rule #4: When Thus Interrupts an Impartial Clause
When thus interrupts an unbiased clause, it must be set aside by inserting commas on both aspect of it. There may be one stipulation to this, nonetheless:
If the break is a weak one, you don’t want commas. However, how are you aware if thus is creating a powerful or weak break?
Sturdy Vs. Weak Interruptions Utilizing Thus
A robust interruption requires the usage of commas, however how are you aware if the break is powerful sufficient to warrant their use?
If the phrase “thus” gives a big emphasis or interruption to the circulate of the sentence, then it is advisable to use commas.
- My kids left the sector gate unlatched, thus, making it exhausting to catch the escaped horses.
- The trainer failed to supply the correct examination time, thus, creating confusion throughout the class.
- I by no means acquired the cellphone name to substantiate the appointment, thus, forgetting to take the time without work from work.
If the break is weak, no commas are wanted.
- It rained all day. The streets thus have been moist.
- I left my espresso at residence and was thus crabby all morning.
Rule #5: When Thus is Positioned Between a Serving to Verb and Most important Verb
Sometimes, thus shall be positioned between a serving to and predominant verb in a sentence. The usage of a comma can be dependent upon the weak vs. robust break to find out its use. On this case, robust vs. weak brakes have extra to do with emphasis and the significance you might be inserting on the phrase “thus.”
- The canine ran circles across the yard and was thus exhausted from her escapades.
- The thriller of Atlantis nonetheless fascinates historians. It’s, thus, a part of trendy folklore and exploration.
When Punctuating “And Thus”
You might even see thus used as a part of the phrase “and thus.” To make use of it correctly, you observe the identical guidelines laid out above.
- The gate was left unlatched, and thus, the goats acquired out.
- And thus, we got here to the top of our evaluate.
- I left my espresso at residence and thus I used to be crabby.
The Idiom: It Was Ever Thus/Twas Ever Thus
Thus doesn’t come on the finish of a sentence except used throughout the idiom “twas ever thus.” Twas ever thus, additionally written because it was ever thus, implies that a sure factor has all the time been a sure manner and all the time shall be.
Though the phrase will be labored right into a sentence, it’s extra typically used as a stand-alone remark to state how issues are.
- It was ever thus, and the robust will all the time survive.
- Success tales begin with doing exhausting higher. Twas ever thus.
Thus means on this manner or like this, however can even function a substitute for subsequently, consequently, or on account of.
Do you set a comma after thus? There are a lot of situations the place you just do that to both function a coordinating conjunction or to outline the emphasis thus provides to your sentences.
When it means “on this manner,” no comma is required. However, if you’re utilizing it to exchange one other phrase, you then observe correct grammar guidelines.
- Add a comma after thus when it really works as a coordinating conjunction or initially of a sentence.
- Add a comma earlier than thus when introducing a gerund or a gerund phrase.
- Add a comma on both aspect of thus when it interrupts an unbiased clause as a powerful break or when thus comes between a serving to and predominant verb.