A noun is a phrase for an individual, place or factor. You already know a LOT of nouns in English, however do you know that there are various kinds of nouns? That’s what we’ll be studying about in the present day!
Make sure that to learn to the tip as a result of I’m going to make clear a quite common confusion between classes of nouns that many English learners have.
In the case of grammar subjects like this one, you need to be certain know the necessities of English grammar rather well so that you simply gained’t maintain onto any unhealthy habits or errors as you advance in your English.
My Fundamental and Intermediate Grammar E-Books will provide you with this agency basis in a very powerful grammar subjects so that you could be assured you’re saying and writing issues accurately.
OK, let’s see what various kinds of nouns we now have in English. The primary two classes are frequent nouns and correct nouns.
Widespread Nouns & Correct Nouns
Widespread nouns are normal phrases for issues:
- particular person
Correct nouns are particular names:
- Yellowstone Nationwide Park
- Fluffy (cat’s identify)
- New York
We all the time capitalize the primary letter of correct nouns.
Singular Nouns & Plural Nouns
Subsequent there are singular nouns (speaking about one factor) and plural nouns (speaking about a number of issues).
Some examples of singular nouns are:
Their plural types are:
For many nouns we kind the plural just by including -S, however there are exceptions. We add -es to nouns that already finish in -s, we add -ies to nouns ending in -y, some nouns ending in an F sound finish with -ves within the plural, after which some nouns have irregular plurals like man/males and foot/ft.
One attention-grabbing kind of noun is a collective noun – these phrases discuss with a bunch of individuals/issues, however are normally handled as singular grammatically. Some examples can be:
These are teams of individuals, however we are saying “The staff is practising for the competitors,” not “The staff are practising.”
We even have collective nouns for teams of issues, comparable to:
I’d say “The pile of garments on my mattress is getting larger” – pile takes a singular verb, though it’s referring to many garments.
We even have compound nouns – it is a noun fabricated from two or extra phrases.
Generally they’re collectively:
Generally they’re joined by a hyphen:
Generally they’re two phrases:
- ice cream
- bus cease
- air conditioner
- potato chip
There’s no rule for this, sadly.
Concrete Nouns & Summary Nouns
Our subsequent pair of classes is concrete nouns – issues we will see, hear, odor, style, and contact – versus summary nouns, that are extra concepts, ideas, feelings, or qualities.
Concrete nouns would come with:
Summary nouns can be issues like:
Countable Nouns & Uncountable Nouns
Lastly we now have countable and uncountable nouns.
Countable nouns are issues we will simply separate and rely:
Uncountable nouns are issues that we will’t simply separate and rely:
We by no means make uncountable nouns plural, so we will’t say butters or advices.
And we don’t use “a/an,” so we will’t say “a rice” or “an recommendation” – as a substitute, we will say “a grain of rice,” “a bag of rice,” or “a chunk of recommendation.”
Don’t confuse concrete & summary with countable & uncountable
Generally college students confuse concrete/summary nouns with countable/uncountable nouns. They suppose all concrete nouns are countable and all summary nouns are uncountable – however this isn’t true. Let me present you some examples:
- These concrete nouns are countable: suitcase, coin, chair, cake
- These concrete nouns are uncountable: baggage, cash, furnishings, sugar
- These summary nouns are countable: opinion, mistake, relationship, dream, pleasure
- These summary nouns are uncountable: info, information, wealth, humor, intelligence
Evaluate – sorts of nouns
So our 10 sorts of nouns are:
- frequent: metropolis
- correct: New York
- singular: banana
- plural: bananas
- collective: household
- compound: ice cream
- concrete: desk
- summary: anger
- countable: ebook
- uncountable: info
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